This program is designed for individuals who are interested in becoming members of the dental healthcare delivery system. The curriculum is designed to provide a broad educational experience in the theory and practice of dental assisting, as well as a background in biological sciences and the humanities.
The dental assisting student will be educated in four-handed dentistry and in duties which may be delegated to dental assistants, including dental radiography, oral health education and business office responsibilities. Students gain practical experience through clinical and laboratory sessions. Extramural clinical experience may be gained through the cooperation of private dental practices, clinics and community dental clinics throughout Maine. Students gain enrichment experiences through extramural rotation assignments in specialty dental practices and community dental clinics. In addition to the permanent faculty, staff is also drawn from practicing dentists and dental hygienists throughout the state.
The curriculum is designed to give the student a well-rounded foundation in health sciences, specific knowledge and clinical skills in the dental sciences, and an understanding in the humanities. The course is particularly suited to those who have a sincere interest in science and enjoy working with people. The program emphasizes the knowledge and skills necessary for chairside dental assisting, but also prepares students to perform clinical support services, selected laboratory procedures and basic business office procedures.
Upon graduation and successful completion of required coursework, students are eligible to apply to the Maine Board of Dental Practice to obtain a State of Maine Dental Radiographer license. The goal is upon successful completion of the Associate Degree in Dental Assisting students will be eligible for the State of Maine Expanded Function Dental Assisting licensure as identified by the State of Maine Dental Practice Act.
The Dental Assisting Program is accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) of the American Dental Association. The Commission is a specialized accrediting body recognized by the United States Department of Education. The Commission on Dental Accreditation can be contacted at (312)440-4653 or at 211 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611.
It is a goal of the Dental Assisting Program to provide a broad educational experience, encompassing didactic and clinical phases, for dental assistants to become competent in all functions that are current identified in the Accreditation Standards for Dental Assisting.
The Dental Assisting Program will provide educational experience (which includes didactic and clinical phases) for dental assistants to become laboratory competent in the following functions as identified in the Maine Dental Practice Act. Students who complete the Dental Assisting Program should be able to:
- Follow all state rules, laws and regulations pertaining to the scope of practice of dental assistants when carrying out key dental assisting functions such as, but not limited to: taking impressions, pouring up and trimming study casts, placing and removing matrix bands, orthodontic functions, and collecting patient data such as dietary analysis;
- Evaluate, interpret and synthesize both patient histories (medical, dental, etc.), as well as current dental research for patient education regarding oral health and diseases, including preventive and maintenance measures;
- Educate and promote oral health and its relationship to systemic health to patients and the public.
- Collect, maintain and organize data according to state and federal laws, including patient records, radiographic images, intraoral photography, etc., in electronic databases as well as paper records;
- Understand and utilize proper state, federal and professional procedures and protocols for both patient and work place safety including proper infection control procedures, proper handling and disposal of hazardous materials, Blood borne Pathogens Standards, Hazard Communications, and all other standards and procedures set forth by OSHA, the CDC and other bodies;
- understand, be sensitive to, and modify treatment as necessary in order to accommodate the disabilities, ethnic, or cultural needs of the patient;
- Demonstrate the breadth and depth of knowledge in the basic and social sciences, written and oral communications, college mathematics, dental sciences and clinical practice in order to be a productive contributor in a variety of settings such as: private offices, public health, or government installations;
- Demonstrate ethics, professionalism, community engagement, and professional development;
- Demonstrate critical thinking skills that allow the dental assistant to function in the orderly, neat and sequential manner required for chairside, 4-handed, dental assisting.
Admissions (see UMA general requirements)
- To be considered for admission to dental assisting, all applicants must have the following (emphasis is placed on the science grades in admission decisions):
- A high school diploma or General Equivalency Diploma.
- Passed all courses indicated by placement tests in math, reading, and writing with a grade of “C-” or better. A math placement test is not required for those who have passed a college math course. Reading and writing placement tests are not required for those who have passed ENG 101.
- Applicants are required to have taken one year of a laboratory science, preferably biology or chemistry with a grade of “C-” or better and have satisfactorily completed courses in mathematics.
- A cumulative grade point average of 2.50 or higher on a 4.0 scale.
- Grades of “C-” or better in courses applied toward degree credit.
- Students accepted for admission are further required to have a complete physical examination within three months prior to entering the program. In addition, students must begin the Hepatitis B vaccination series at least two months prior to beginning the first clinical semester. Students must be immunized against tetanus within the last ten years. Students must have MMR Vaccine or titer. Students must have PPD within one year. Students must have had a Varicella titer or Varicella vaccine series or documentation from a physician stating history of disease before beginning clinical courses in September. In addition, the Influenza vaccine will be required before November 1st each clinical year. Covid-19 vaccination is university dependent.
- It is solely the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that the completed application and related materials (such as high school transcripts, test scores, any transcripts of grades beyond high school recommendations, etc.) are received by the Office of Admissions. Early application is encouraged because class size in limited.
Course Descriptions and Requisites
DEA 102 Biodental Sciences I
Provides an in-depth overview of dentitions, tooth morphology, landmarks of the face and oral cavity and head and neck anatomy; familiarizes the student with tooth embryology and histology. Prerequisite: Admission into the Dental Assisting Program Co-requisites: BIO 100, PSY 100, COM 1XX.
DEA 103 Infection Prevention & Regulatory Compliance for the Dental Assistant
This course will examine the CDC’s recommendation for the dental health care setting and management of medical emergencies in the dental practice. Additionally, this course will introduce students to regulatory compliance, chemical and waste management, and OSHA regulations for the dental practice. Prerequisites: BIO 100, COM 1XX, PSY 100, DEA 102, DEA 225. CO-Requisite: DEA 154, DEA 200, DEA 201, DEA 203, DEA 204.
DEA 152 Dental Office Management
A survey of various aspects of dental office management including appointment controls, business and patient record keeping, dental payment plans and inventory control. Course also includes topics in oral and written communications. Prerequisites: BIO 100, PSY 100, COM 1XX, DEA 102, DEA 103, DEA 154, DEA 200, DEA 201, DEA 203, DEA 204, DEA 225 Co-requisites: DEA 213, DEA 250, DEA 253
DEA 154 Biodental Sciences II
Covers the essentials of general anatomy, general physiology, oral pathology, and pharmacology. Prerequisites: BIO 100, COM 1XX, PSY 100, DEA 102, DEA 225. CO-Requisite: DEA 103, DEA 100, DEA 201, DEA 203, DEA 204.
DEA 200 Preclinical Dental Assisting Laboratory
Introduces the dental assisting student to the care and use of dental equipment and chairside dental assisting skill with emphasis on operative dentistry procedures and the properties and manipulations of dental materials in chairside, and 4-handed dentistry. Prerequisites: BIO 100, COM 1XX, PSY 100, DEA 102, DEA 225. CO-Requisite: DEA 103, DEA 154, DEA 201, DEA 203, DEA 204.
DEA 201 Preclinical Dental Assisting Theory
Introduces the dental assisting student to the care and use of dental equipment and dental assisting sills, with emphasis on operative dentistry procedures. Prerequisites: BIO 100, COM 1XX, PSY 100, DEA 102, DEA 225. CO-Requisite: DEA 103, DEA 154, DEA 200, DEA 203, DEA 204.
DEH 203 Dental Radiology
Topics include ionizing radiation, the history of x-rays, their production and properties radiation measurement, radiation hazards and principles of radiation safety. Covers theory and practice or exposing, processing, mounting and interpreting dental radiographs. Prerequisite: Admission in a Dental Health Program OR High school diploma with six months clinical dental office experience and instructor permission.
DEH 204 Dental Radiology Lab
Prerequisite: Admission in a Dental Health Program OR High school diploma with six months clinical dental office experience and instructor permission.
DEA 213 Dental Materials
The study of various dental procedures, materials and devices commonly used in dental practice. Emphasis placed on the general composition of materials, their properties and manipulation. Prerequisites: BIO 100, PSY 100, COM 1XX, DEA 102, DEA 103, DEA 154, DEA 200, DEA 201, DEA 203, DEA 204, DEA 225 Co-requisites: DEA 152, DEA 250, DEA 253
DEA 250 Clinical Practice
The dental assisting capstone experience gives the student the opportunity to practice dental assisting under the direct supervision of a dentist in private practice. This course includes a seminar component in which students will discuss clinical experiences as well as discuss topics in clinical practice to prepare for employment. Prerequisite: BIO 100, PSY 100, COM 1XX, DEA 102, DEA 103, DEA 154, DEA 200, DEA 201, DEA 203, DEA 204, DEA 225 Co-requisites: DEA 152, DEA 213, DEA 253
DEH 225 Professionalism for the Oral health practitioner
This course examines the behaviors and attitudes essential for entering today’s dental practice settings. Topics include: Professional image, professional communications, workplace effectiveness, time and conflict management, and enhancing relationships in multicultural work environments with diverse patient populations. Prerequisite: Admission into a Dental Health Program
DEA 253 Dental Health Education
Emphasis is placed on the theories and techniques of patient education and motivation. This course discusses the etiology of dental diseases, nutrition and preventative dentistry. Prerequisite: BIO 100, PSY 100, COM 1XX, DEA 102, DEA 103, DEA 154, DEA 200, DEA 201, DEA 203, DEA 204, DEA 225 Co-requisites: DEA 152, DEA 250, DEA 213
DEA 370 Preclinical Expanded Functions Lecture
Reviews the essentials of dental anatomy, basic chairside functions, and dental materials through lecture. Emphasis is placed in restorative dentistry for EFDA trained auxiliaries as governed by the Maine Dental Practice Act. Prerequisite: Admissions to the Expanded Function Curriculum Co-requisites: DEH 371L
DEA 371 Preclinical Expanded Functions Lab
Reviews the essentials of dental anatomy, basic chairside functions, and dental materials through laboratory methods. Emphasis is placed on restorative dentistry for EFDA trained Auxiliaries as governed by the Maine Dental Practice Act. Prerequisite: Admissions to the Expanded Function Curriculum Co-requisite: DEH 370
DEA 372 Dental Anatomy
This course is designed for Dental Assisting and Expanded function dental assisting students to learn dental anatomy as it pertains to place dental restorations. This course is the study of the structure and function of permanent and primary dentition. Instructor permission required for enrollment.
DEA 381 Clinical Expanded Functions
Delivery of the EFDA functions to patients under the direct supervision of faculty in the on-campus clinic and affiliated off-campus dental practices. AS governed by the Maine Dental Practice Act. Prerequisites: DEH 370, DEH 371
English Language Proficiency Requirement
Courses and clinical training in Dental Assisting or Dental Health require effective communication skills in speaking, reading, and writing in English at a level that ensures the student’s ability to benefit from and make satisfactory progress in academic instruction involving patient treatment and safety. A student must be able to effectively communicate with patients during treatment and obtain necessary verbal informed consent during patient care and potential medical emergencies. Students will be asked to indicate their English language proficiency in each of the following areas: speaking, reading, and writing.
Differential tuition is applied to all DEA and DEH designated courses. In addition to university tuition and fees, each dental assisting student is responsible for purchasing clinical uniforms & clinical shoes. Transportation costs to clinical assignments are the student’s responsibility. The estimated cost for books and supplies, beyond tuition, room and board, is approximately $2,500. Prior to taking expanded function dental assisting courses included in the associate degree students will be expected to purchase dental loupes that are approximately $1,500. These fees are subject to change without notice.
The Programs teach and utilize the Centers for Disease Control Infection Control Guidelines. (www.cdc.gov/vaccines/adults/rec-vac/hcw.html) and therefore dental assisting students must fulfill the requirements of having a physical examination and completing specified immunizations and titres. Specifically: Hepatitis B vaccine series with titre indicating immune status*; varicella vaccine, history of the disease, or titre indicating immunity; MMR vaccine series or titer; tetanus within the past 10 years; influenza vaccine; tuberculin skin test on an annual basis. Students are required to have medical insurance coverage and must obtain certification in healthcare provider level cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or equivalent. All UMA on campus students are strongly encouraged to remain fully up to date with CDC recommended COVID-19 vaccinations and boosters or provide an acceptable waiver. If the student is granted a UMA approved exemption from COVID-19 immunizations, the student must comply with UMA testing and isolation/quarantine requirements as required for on campus students at the time of attendance. For the latest information check the Together for Maine site https://www.maine.edu/together/ and click on the “For Students” link.
*The CDC recommends repeating the Hepatitis B vaccine series and titre if the initial titre does not indicate immunity. If after a second series, the titre does not indicate immunity, the individual is considered a non-responder. Non-responders should be considered susceptible to Hepatitis B Virus and should be counseled by their own healthcare provider regarding the risks of working in the healthcare field as a non-responder. Being a non-responder does not preclude students from participating in the dental hygiene program or profession, however, it is imperative that dental hygiene students be aware their immune status to properly manage post exposure incidents.
Criminal Background Checks
Applicants to the Dental Assisting and Dental Hygiene programs should be aware that a criminal background is required while enrolled in the program and may be a condition of professional employment Internship sites may limit or deny clinical privileges to those who have a prior or current criminal record. If denied clinical privileges, the student is at risk of not being able to obtain the number of clinical hours required for graduation. Students will be expected to provide clinical internship sites with a current background check at the request of the interning site(s), with associated expenses the students’ responsibility. Faculty will provide students with the information necessary to order the required background check.
The practice of Dental Assisting, Dental Hygiene and Expanded Function Dental Assisting can be physically and mentally demanding. Students preparing for these professions need to have the skills and able to perform the essential tasks as follows:
- Motor Skill
- Perform CPR.
- Perform regular and repetitive use and range of motion of shoulders, elbows, wrists, hands and fingers.
- Lift and carry up to ten pounds.
- Reach overhead equipment to a height of five feet.
- Rotate and reach laterally, standing or sitting.
- Perform for a prolonged period without breaks, e.g., typical shift of eight hours.
- Manipulate mechanical and patient care equipment, i.e., dials, switches, push buttons, keyboards, syringes, and blood pressure equipment.
- Maneuver in tight quarters, common to dental offices.
- Use dental instruments with precision and control in confined areas.
- Pick up items of very small sizes and varying shapes.
- Exhibit sufficient motor function to perform a patient diagnostic examination.
- Carry out OSHA infection control procedures using cleaners and chemicals.
- Endure physically-taxing workloads.
Sensory Skills / Perception Abilities
- Differentiate among subtle shades of gray used in radiographic image formation.
- Discern changes in color, texture, and shape of oral tissue.
- Respond to requests and direction.
- Perceive and interpret tactile vibrations appropriately.
- Elicit information from a patient by palpation, auscultation, percussion, and other diagnostic modalities.
- Observe demonstrations at a distance and close at hand.
- Have appropriate depth perception from a distance of 18 inches with or without corrective lenses and be able to comprehend three-dimensional relationships.
- Conceptualize right, left, and mirrored images.
- Wear protective equipment such as surgical gloves, lab coats, facemasks, face shields, and protective eyewear. Function in an environment where latex is present.
- Integrate, analyze, evaluate, and synthesize data.
- Possess the intellectual abilities required to carry out reasoning, analysis, problem-solving, critical thinking, and self-evaluation.
- Effectively communicate (verbally and in writing) with patients, faculty, and team members in English.
- Understand and be attentive to safety concerns for both patients and self, including possible exposure to hazards such as dental materials, radiation, blood and body fluids.
- Students should possess the emotional health and mental stability necessary to:
- Demonstrate respect and caring for patients, peers, staff, and faculty in a professional and ethical manner.
- Demonstrate respect for the diversity of cultures among patients, college personnel and peers.
- Demonstrate a team approach in carrying out responsibilities in all settings.
- Function effectively under stress and adapt to changing environments.
- Be able to accept criticism and respond by appropriate modification of behavior.
- Demonstrate collegiality among faculty, staff, and peers.
- Exercise appropriate judgment in keeping with the ethics and standards of the profession.
- Respect the confidentiality of patient privacy.
Adapted from Mt Ida Community College with permission, http://catalog.mountida.edu/preview
Applicants of the dental assisting and dental hygiene programs should also be aware that full disclosure regarding criminal background checks could preclude the ability to obtain professional licensure.
Students accepted into the Dental Assisting Program are required to attend a mandatory Dental Assisting Program Orientation prior to beginning clinical coursework. Failure to attend this required session will jeopardize admission status in the Dental Assisting Program. Dental Assisting Program Staff will notify students of the date and time of this event at least one month prior or upon acceptance into the Program.
Students enrolled in the Dental Assisting Program must earn a C- or better in all courses applied to the certificate or degree in order to remain in the program.
To be eligible for program completion, the student must successfully complete all requirements, have a minimum of 44 credit hours for the Certificate or 70 credits for the Associate Degree, and a UMA grade point average of at least 2.50. Professional conduct and attitude is expected at all times.
Upon graduation, students will be eligible to take the Dental Assisting National Board (DANB), which includes General Chairside, Radiation Health and Safety, and Infection Control Exams. Successful completion of the examination carries with it the credential of Certified Dental Assistant (CDA) and qualifies the candidate for licensure in dental radiography from the Maine Board of Dental Practice.
Upon successful certificate completion and CDA certification, students may continue on to the associate degree in dental assisting. This allows students to enter directly into the EFDA curriculum while continuing their associate degree.
(For more information on Expanded Function Dental Assisting see catalog)